Diabetes is a health disorder or disease which normally occurs when an individual’s blood glucose also called blood sugar is high. A person’s blood glucose is what gives him energy and glucose is normally gotten from the food we eat. Insulin is a hormone that helps glucose get into a person’s cells to be used as energy. Insulin is a hormone produced by pancreas. The problem of diabetes comes as a result of the inability of your body to make adequate or any insulin. As a result of your body being able to make just little or no insulin, glucose stays in the persons blood and not able to reach the cells.
It is a well-known fact that having too much sugar in your blood can cause diabetes. This is as a result of pancreas not functioning properly to produce enough insulin, or the body cells not working properly to respond to the insulin produced by the pancreas.
Diabetes Awareness Month and World Diabetes Day
Every year, November is regarded as Diabetes Awareness Month. November 14 is normally World Diabetes Day (WDD). On this day, diabetes is celebrated to create awareness on both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
Type of Diabetes
Three main types of diabetes exist:
- Type 1 Diabetes
- Type 2 Diabetes
- Gestational Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes:this occurs when the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin due to as a result of loss of beta cells. Back in the days, this form of diabetes is referred to as “insulin dependent-diabetes mellitus”. Autoimmune response is responsible for loss of beta cells, while it is not clear what causes autoimmune response.
Type 2 Diabetes: this when cells fail to respond to insulin or has little response to insulin. In other words, this type of diabetes is insulin resistance which ultimately result to lack of insulin as the disease progresses. Back I the days, this type of diabetes was referred to as “non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus”. Excessive body weight and lack of exercise is the primary cause of this type of diabetes.
this happens during pregnancy. It is when a pregnant woman that has never had diabetes suddenly develops high blood sugar.
Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus
The predominant symptoms of diabetes are increased urination, weight loss, increased thirst and hunger. Type 1 diabetes symptoms develop rapidly than type 2 diabetes. It normally takes weeks or months to develop symptoms in type 1 diabetes while type 2 diabetes takes much longer period to develop symptoms.
There are other signs and symptoms that can also occur but those signs and symptoms are not specific to diabetes. Other signs and symptoms may include: itchy skin, blurred vision, slow healing of wounds, headache, and fatigue. When blood glucose is high for long, it can result to glucose absorption in the eye lens resulting in vision loss. There are a number of rashes that can occur in diabetes and they are collectively referred to as diabetic dermadromes.
7 Home Remedies for Diabetes
The following plant-based therapies are effective in the treatment of diabetes due to their anti-diabetic properties.
- Bilberry extract
- Bitter melon
- Aloe vera
Ginger has been used for centuries. It is that thick knotted underground stem (rhizome) from the family of zingiberofficinale plant. Ginger is effective in reducing and controlling blood sugar for people with type 2 diabetes. Rhizome which is the major content of ginger is effective in the uptake of glucose into muscle cells without the help of insulin, thereforemanaging the high blood sugar level.
Bilberries are fruits that are dark blue in colour. It looks like blueberries but bilberries are darker, smaller and softer. Bilberry extract helps in lowering blood glucose level in people with diabetes.
Okra has gained prominence as one of the best food for people living with diabetes. This is because it has a positive effect in controlling the blood sugar level of diabetes patient. Okra is a vegetable that is tall in sizes; its origin could be traced from ancient Ethiopia, West African, India, Caribbean and the Americas.
Bitter lemon is used as diabetes herbal remedy due to its anti-diabetic properties. It containscharanti, which has blood glucose lowering effects. Bitter lemon also contain polypeptide-p an insulin-like like compound, and vicine. They can either work together or individually to reduce the blood glucose level.
This is plant with a pleasant smell. It is normally used as ingredient for curries due its pleasant smell. Funugreek as a number of health benefit and it is beneficial for diabetic patient. It lowers blood sugar due to its high soluble fibre content. It achieves this by slowing down the carbohydrates digestion and absorption.
Cinnamon is gotten from inner back of branches of cinnamon trees. It is a sweet spice and grows in tropical South America, Caribbean and Southeast Asia. Cinnamon reduces the risk associated with diabetes by improving cholesterol and blood sugar level of diabetes patient. Health professionals claim that cinnamon contains properties that regulates and treats people with type 2 diabetes.
Aloe vera is from aloe vera plant, it is used for healing, rejuvenating and soothing due to the properties it contain. Consumption of aloe vera juice improves blood sugar levels in people with diabetes and improves their general wellbeing. It decreases abnormal fat in some people with type 2 diabetes. Aloe vera also heals wound because wound hardly heals in people with diabetes; so it helps to heal their wound faster.